Formulas > =MATCH()

How To Use MATCH() Function in Google Sheets


Returns the relative position of an item in a range that matches a specified value.

Common questions about the MATCH formula in Google Sheets:

  1. What is the purpose of the MATCH formula?
  2. How does the MATCH formula work?
  3. What are the arguments required for the MATCH formula?
  4. Can the MATCH formula handle different data types?
  5. Does the MATCH formula work with case-sensitive data?
  6. Can the MATCH formula handle arrays or ranges of values?
  7. Can the MATCH formula handle approximate matches or wildcards?
  8. How does the MATCH formula handle errors or non-matching values?
  9. Can the MATCH formula be used with multiple criteria?

Appropriate use of the MATCH formula:
  1. Finding the position of a specific value within a range or array.
  2. Creating dynamic lookup functions using the INDEX and MATCH combination.
  3. Performing advanced data analysis, such as identifying duplicates or unique values.
  4. Sorting and ranking data based on specific criteria.
  5. Building conditional formatting rules or data validation rules.
  6. Building complex formulas that require locating a specific value.

Common mistyping of the MATCH formula:
  1. Misspelling the formula name as "MATC" or "MATCHH."
  2. Incorrectly capitalizing the formula name as "Match" instead of "MATCH."
  3. Omitting the required arguments or using incorrect arguments.

Common inappropriate use of the MATCH formula:
  1. Using the MATCH formula without understanding its purpose or functionality.
  2. Using the MATCH formula when simpler functions like VLOOKUP or HLOOKUP would suffice.
  3. Using the MATCH formula to perform calculations or mathematical operations.

Common pitfalls when using the MATCH formula:
  1. Not handling errors or non-matching values properly, leading to incorrect results or unexpected errors.
  2. Not specifying the correct search type (exact match or approximate match) in the formula.
  3. Using mismatched data types, such as comparing text with numbers, which can result in inaccurate matches.

Common mistakes when using the MATCH formula:
  1. Forgetting to use an appropriate index or offset when combining MATCH with other functions like INDEX.
  2. Not adjusting the search range or array properly when inserting or deleting rows or columns.
  3. Using the wrong reference or range in the formula, leading to incorrect matches.

Common misconceptions about the MATCH formula:
  1. Assuming that the MATCH formula can only be used for simple lookups.
  2. Thinking that the MATCH formula can only return the first occurrence of a value.
  3. Believing that the MATCH formula always returns a numerical position, disregarding other search types or options.

Google Sheet Formula Frustrations Solved
Find every formula you'll ever need in Google Sheets here at Better Sheets. Whether you're a beginner or an advanced user, I’ve got you covered with a comprehensive guide of 504 formulas.

Are you struggling to find a specific value in a column of data? Look no further than the powerful VLOOKUP formula. Or maybe you need to calculate the sum of values that meet specific criteria - try out SUMIF. And when it comes to frequency of values, COUNTIF has you covered.

Have you heard of the mysterious and powerful IF formula? It can turn your spreadsheets into gateways of productivity. And don't forget about the oft-partner ISBLANK(). 

Find step-by-step tutorials for any formula here on Better Sheets. Every formula page comes with links to written blog posts and Better Sheets tutorials featuring the exact formula.

Looking for a way to segment data based on specific criteria? The FILTER formula is perfect for you. 

If you need to replace VLOOKUP, give INDEX/MATCH a try.

At, I have everything you need to take your Google Sheets skills to the next level. 
From ARRAYFORMULA() to ZTEST(), Better Sheets has it all. 

How To Actually Use MATCH() in Sheets

MATCH(search_key, range, [search_type])

17Better Sheets Tutorials

Send daily emails to yourself to master sales every single day. 100% completely free for Better Sheet members.
I'll show you how to easily find a specific value in a range using two powerful formulas: VLOOKUP and INDEX MATCH. 

With VLOOKUP, we can search for a value in a column and retrieve information from the same row. 

I'll explain how to set it up and why the "false" parameter is important. Then, I'll introduce INDEX MATCH, which allows us to search for a value in one column and retrieve information from another column.

 I'll demonstrate how to use it to find a name based on a number and vice versa. This technique is incredibly useful when you need to look up information based on a specific value. 

Plus, I'll share a neat trick to make the search even more dynamic. So, let's dive in and master these versatile formulas together! 🚀
Build a habit tracker in dark mode. Learn how to use emojis and checkboxes effectively.
If you find Vlookup a difficult formula to understand, this formula combination might be better. It's also much more flexible than Vlookup. Index/Match is the best. It's one of my favorite formula combinations.
Create a better list of domains.
tactics on how to keep your sheets secure.
Add pictures to your marketplace inside a google sheet. Might be great for garage sales, and community events.
Autofill inside of google sheets is possible with Dropdowns.
Got a list of names, need to add new ones to main list.
This video is a tutorial on how to create a dynamic weekly planner in Google Sheets with drop-down menus that change images based on selections. Here are three key takeaways:

Avoid Hidden Rows/Columns for Clarity

The speaker advises against using hidden rows or columns in Google Sheets. They suggest that this practice often leads to confusion and inefficiency, especially when sharing sheets with others. As an alternative, they recommend placing such data on a separate sheet.

Dynamic Dropdown Lists and Image Insertion

The tutorial demonstrates how to create dropdown lists where selecting a subject (e.g., English, Math, Study) changes the image displayed in another cell. This is achieved through data validation for dropdowns and using VLOOKUP or INDEX MATCH functions to link the chosen subject to its corresponding image.

Flexibility and Ease of Updates

The approach shown allows for easy updates and additions to the planner. For instance, adding new subjects or changing images is straightforward. The speaker emphasizes the versatility of the INDEX MATCH function over VLOOKUP, as it offers more control and adaptability, particularly when rearranging data.

The video also touches on the specifics of resizing rows for better image visibility, the importance of unique identifiers for dropdown options, and the benefits of expanding dropdown lists for future additions.

Create relational databases with index/match. Discover the secret to efficient data management with primary keys! Learn how to sort, filter, and create tables based on unique identifiers in this expert video. Say goodbye to complicated spreadsheets and hello to easy data management.
Find the first value in a row.
Here are 5 advanced ways to manage projects inside of Google Sheets Manage Task Flow with IF() and a Checkbox Manage Data Inputs with IF() and ISBLANK() Create Quick Dashboard headers with: Transpose / Unique Create Pickers with Index / Match Email reports with Apps Script
Learn how to manage any event with RSVPs and multiple organizers. Use Google Forms pre-filled links, and interesting formulas to manage the catering automatically. And we write Apps Script to send email to non-rsvp'ed guests.
Learn how to find duplicates with a simple formula in Google Sheets.
Create a duplicate detector with a few google sheet formulas.
Create a dropdown that changes the months displayed in a dashboard.

Learn more about the MATCH() formula:

Generate a MATCH() formula for your needs with AI

Google Sheets Formula Generator

Whatever you need to do in sheets, you can generate a formula. Use the Better Sheets Formula generator to create a formula for any need. Completely free for members.


Looking for more help inside sheets get the free Add-on: Asa. Ask Sheets Anything. Go ahead, ask it any problem you migth have. Bring your own APIKEY and generate formulas inside of Google Sheets.