Formulas > =TANH()

How To Use TANH() Function in Google Sheets


Returns the hyperbolic tangent of any real number.

The TANH formula, also known as the Hyperbolic Tangent function, is used in Google Sheets and many other spreadsheet applications. Let's address the common questions, appropriate usage, mistyping errors, inappropriate usage, pitfalls, mistakes, and misconceptions related to the TANH formula:

Common Questions about the TANH formula:

What does the TANH formula do?
How does it differ from the regular TAN formula (Tangent)?
In what situations is the TANH formula useful?
How do I use the TANH formula in Google Sheets?
Are there any limitations or constraints when using the TANH formula?

Appropriate Usage of the TANH formula:

The TANH formula is primarily used to map input values to a range between -1 and 1.
It is commonly employed in various mathematical and statistical calculations, particularly in data normalization, activation functions for artificial neural networks, and solving certain differential equations.
In Google Sheets, the TANH function can be used like any other built-in function. For example, =TANH(value) will return the hyperbolic tangent of the given value.

Common Mistyping of the TANH formula:

One common mistake is misspelling the function name as "TAN" instead of "TANH," which would give an entirely different result.
Typing the argument incorrectly, such as providing the wrong cell reference or a non-numeric value, can lead to errors.

Inappropriate Usage of the TANH formula:

Using the TANH function in situations where the regular TAN function is intended, or vice versa, will yield inaccurate results. These functions serve different purposes and have different ranges of output values.
Applying the TANH function without considering the context of the problem or data might not be meaningful and could lead to erroneous interpretations.

Common Pitfalls when using the TANH formula:

The TANH function is known to amplify extreme values, which can result in an output that approaches -1 or 1 rapidly. This may not be desirable in certain scenarios and could lead to instability in numerical computations.
When using TANH in neural networks, it's crucial to handle vanishing gradients, as the derivative of TANH approaches zero for large positive and negative inputs.

Common Mistakes when using the TANH formula:

Not understanding the range of the TANH function and expecting outputs outside the -1 to 1 range.
Incorrectly implementing the TANH function in complex formulas or models, leading to incorrect results.
Neglecting to scale or normalize data before applying the TANH function, which can affect the overall accuracy of the analysis.

Common Misconceptions about the TANH formula:

Some people may mistakenly believe that the TANH function is used only in specific academic or specialized fields, when in fact, it has broader applications in data analysis and machine learning.
There might be confusion between the hyperbolic tangent (TANH) and the regular tangent (TAN) functions, leading to incorrect usage.

To use the TANH formula effectively, it's essential to understand its purpose, range of output values, and its potential applications in various mathematical and statistical contexts. As with any function, it's essential to validate its suitability for the specific problem at hand and to double-check for potential mistakes when using it in spreadsheets or programming.

How To Actually Use TANH() in Sheets


Looking for a video tutorial? Members can email me anytime! Check out the blogs below for more info on this formula. Or generate your formula. Find more formulas here at

Learn more about the TANH() formula:

LINEST Polynomial Regression of Standard Logistic Function and TANH in Google Sheets Excel

This video shows the use EXP, TANH, ARRAYFORMULA, LINEST, Polynomial Regression to generate the trendline and trendline equation of Standard Logistic Function

Generate a TANH() formula for your needs with AI

Google Sheets Formula Generator

Whatever you need to do in sheets, you can generate a formula. Use the Better Sheets Formula generator to create a formula for any need. Completely free for members.


Looking for more help inside sheets get the free Add-on: Asa. Ask Sheets Anything. Go ahead, ask it any problem you migth have. Bring your own APIKEY and generate formulas inside of Google Sheets.